Chapter 2. The Impress (excerpts)
"Wundt's second major contribution to psychology's preempting of education wasn't theoretical at all: he produced the first generation of researchers, professors, and publicists in the new psychology. This group went on to establish experimental psychology throughout Europe and the United States:
"The list of Wundt's students is a Who's Who early European and American psychologists. I succeeding years, one could go to almost an major European or American university and stud the new psychology with a professor who had received his Ph.D. directly from Wundt at Leipzig.
"The young Americans who studied with Wundt returned to found departments of psychology throughout the United States. With the prestige attached to having studied in Germany, these men found little difficulty in securing positions of influence at major American universities. Each became successful to a marked degree; each trained scores, often hundreds, of Ph.D. students in psychology; each contributed to new associations and publications in the new field of study. Almost without exception, every one of them became involved in another field which lay open to the advance German psychology - the field of education."
"The first of Wundt's American students to turn to the United States was G. Stanley Hall. Returning from
"Hall was also instrumental in furthering the career of a man who was to have an unusually profound effect on the course of American education: John Dewey. Dewey was born in Vermont, graduated from the University of
traditional role of the teacher as educator. Its place was taken by the concept of the teacher as a guide in the socialization of the child, leading each youngster to adapt to the specific behavior required of him in order to get along in his group. Dewey called for a leveling of individual differences into a common pool of students who are the object of learning technicians devising the social order of the future."
"To Dewey, as to Wundt, man was an animal, alone with his reactions and entirely dependent upon experiential data. He believed that learning occurred only through experience, that the stimulus-response mechanism was basic to learning, and that teachers were not instructors, but designers of learning experiences."
"...Dewey was able to promote the interchangeability of psychology and education."
"Yet Dewey, the "Father of American Education", was only one of the practitioners of Wundt's revised psychology who critically transformed American education and, consequently, American life.
(end of chapter 2)
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